Copula Stark actively formed petrochemicals business fully dedicated to the global physical supply and distribution of aromatic petrochemical products. We achieve this through a combination of physical offtake and marketing agreements with producers, refineries and oil traders.

Our comprehensive understanding of evolving dynamics within the global petrochemicals market allows us to effectively manage risk and optimize value in the commercial transactions we undertake. Our competitive advantage is that our management processes are designed to bring value throughout the petrochemicals supply chain. We do this by working with our producing and trading partners to optimize their output capabilities while offering our customers the opportunity to buy from a balanced raw materials product slate at competitive terms with optimum availability and efficiency.

Our commercial hubs in Singapore, Malaysia and Hong Kong ideally position us in each of the world’s main petrochemical trading regions. This not only delivers benefits through the application of specialized local knowledge within each region, but also provides us broader coverage and market efficiency in the global petrochemical trading arena.


Bitumen is a black viscous mixture obtained for the fractional distillation of crude. It is a crucial component of the asphalt, which is used to build roads, streets and other parts of the infrastructure. It is a vital material for all sorts of construction and infrastructure projects, large and small.


Also called gas or petrol, mixture of volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbons derived from petroleum and used as fuel for internal-combustion engines. It is also used as a solvent for oils and fats.

Fuel Oil

Also known as heavy oil, marine fuel or furnace oil, is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue. Fuel oil is made of long hydrocarbon chains, particularly alkanes, cycloalkanes, and aromatics.


Biofuel, any fuel that is derived from biomass—that is, plant or algae material or animal waste. Since such feedstock material can be replenished readily, biofuel is considered to be a source of renewable energy, unlike fossil fuels such as petroleum, coal, and natural gas.

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